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Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2014 Mar-Apr;56(5):543-50. doi: 10.1016/j.pcad.2013.11.001. Epub 2013 Nov 12.

Cardiac rehabilitation in India.

Author information

1
Cardiac Rehabilitation Consultant, Dharma Vira Heart Center, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: kushalmadan@gmail.com.
2
Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
3
Asian Heart Institute, Mumbai, India.
4
Department of Cardiology, Dharma Vira Heart Center, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India.
5
Centre for Chronic Disease Control, New Delhi, India.
6
Fortis Escorts Hospital, Jaipur, India.

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death and disability in India. Moreover, mortality following an acute myocardial infarction is high, which may be due to gaps in secondary prevention in general and a lack of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) services in particular. This review discusses the availability of CR in India, its putative role in reducing adverse outcomes over the long-term and suggests a road map for future research to enhance CR in this country. Currently, there is limited evidence, conducted in India, demonstrating CR efficacy. Moreover, there is currently limited availability of outpatient CR programs in India. Even so, there is consensus that CR is effective and essential in the CVD population. Therefore, efforts are needed to continue CR research in India and facilitate clinical implementation.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiac rehabilitation; Cardiovascular diseases; Secondary prevention

PMID:
24607020
DOI:
10.1016/j.pcad.2013.11.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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