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J Pak Med Assoc. 2014 Jan;64(1):103-7.

Risk factors and types of cerebral palsy.

Author information

1
Ziauddin Medical University, North Nazimabad, Karachi, Pakistan. areeb.sohail@hotmail.com
2
Ziauddin Medical University, North Nazimabad, Karachi, Pakistan.
3
Department of Community Health Sciences, Ziauddin Medical University, Clifton, Karachi, Pakistan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the risk factors and associated types of cerebral palsy in a squatter settlement of Karachi.

METHODS:

The pilot cross-sectional study was conducted in Karachi during 2010 and 2011. Data was collected through an interviewed questionnaire from the mothers of cerebral palsy victims children from a population of 6000. Sample sizes of 20 pre-diagnosed victims were selected through snowball sampling. SPSS 20 was used for statistical significance.

RESULTS:

The mean age of the 20 children was 8.7 +/- 6.4 years. Of them, 16 (80%) were males and 4 (20%) were females. Major risk factors identified were; home and assisted delivery 5 (75%), consanguinity 10 (50%), infections 8 (40%) and lack of antenatal care 6 (30%). Out of 20 cases, 15 (75%) had spastic type of cerebral palsy, which was further classified as diplegia 7 (35%), quadriplegia 6 (30%) and hemiplegia 2 (10%). Mixed and dystonic types were found in 3 (15%) and 2 (10%) children respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Important risk factors identified were home delivery, consanguinity and infections during pregnancy. Spastic type of cerebral palsy was the most common type in the study population.

PMID:
24605730
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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