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J Med Entomol. 2014 Jan;51(1):104-13.

Mosquitoes of Zika Forest, Uganda: species composition and relative abundance.

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College of Natural Sciences, Department of Biological Sciences, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA.
Department of Arbovirology, Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI), P.O. Box 49, Entebbe, Uganda.


Mosquito collections were conducted in Zika Forest near Entebbe, Uganda, from July 2009 through June 2010 using CO2-baited light traps, ovitraps, and human-baited catches. In total, 163,790 adult mosquitoes belonging to 12 genera and 58 species were captured. Of these, 22 species (38%) were captured in Zika Forest for the first time. All the new records found in the forest in this study had previously been captured in other regions of Uganda, implying that they are native to the country and do not represent new introductions. More than 20 species previously collected in Zika Forest were not detected in our collections, and this may suggest a change in the mosquito fauna during the past 40 yr or variation in species composition from year to year. Arboviruses of public health importance have previously been isolated from >50% of the 58 mosquito species captured in Zika Forest, which suggests ahigh potential for transmission and maintenance of a wide range of arboviruses in Zika Forest.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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