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ScientificWorldJournal. 2013 Jan 27;2014:834013. doi: 10.1155/2014/834013. eCollection 2014.

Mixed pattern matching-based traffic abnormal behavior recognition.

Author information

The Institute of Intelligent Information Processing and Application, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China.
Department of Computer Science, University of Central Arkansas, Conway, AR 72035, USA.


A motion trajectory is an intuitive representation form in time-space domain for a micromotion behavior of moving target. Trajectory analysis is an important approach to recognize abnormal behaviors of moving targets. Against the complexity of vehicle trajectories, this paper first proposed a trajectory pattern learning method based on dynamic time warping (DTW) and spectral clustering. It introduced the DTW distance to measure the distances between vehicle trajectories and determined the number of clusters automatically by a spectral clustering algorithm based on the distance matrix. Then, it clusters sample data points into different clusters. After the spatial patterns and direction patterns learned from the clusters, a recognition method for detecting vehicle abnormal behaviors based on mixed pattern matching was proposed. The experimental results show that the proposed technical scheme can recognize main types of traffic abnormal behaviors effectively and has good robustness. The real-world application verified its feasibility and the validity.

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