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Ann Behav Med. 2014 Dec;48(3):337-46. doi: 10.1007/s12160-014-9608-9.

Spouse confidence in self-efficacy for arthritis management predicts improved patient health.

Author information

1
Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA, jgere@kent.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In addition to patient self-efficacy, spouse confidence in patient efficacy may also independently predict patient health outcomes. However, the potential influence of spouse confidence has received little research attention.

PURPOSE:

The current study examined the influence of patient and spouse efficacy beliefs for arthritis management on patient health.

METHODS:

Patient health (i.e., arthritis severity, perceived health, depressive symptoms, lower extremity function), patient self-efficacy, and spouse confidence in patients' efficacy were assessed in a sample of knee osteoarthritis patients (N = 152) and their spouses at three time points across an 18-month period. Data were analyzed using structural equation models.

RESULTS:

Consistent with predictions, spouse confidence in patient efficacy for arthritis management predicted improvements in patient depressive symptoms, perceived health, and lower extremity function over 6 months and in arthritis severity over 1 year.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings add to a growing literature that highlights the important role of spouse perceptions in patients' long-term health.

PMID:
24604529
PMCID:
PMC4331068
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-014-9608-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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