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Yeast. 2014 May;31(5):185-93. doi: 10.1002/yea.3006. Epub 2014 Mar 20.

IpO: plasmids and methods for simplified, PCR-based DNA transplant in yeast.

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Department of Biochemistry, Stanford University, CA, USA.


Many yeast experiments require strains modified by recombinant DNA methods. Some experiments require precise insertion of a DNA segment into the genome without a selectable marker remaining. For these applications, we developed a new PCR-based method for marker-free DNA transplant. The current PCR-based method requires the labour-intensive construction of a PCR template plasmid with repeats of the DNA segment flanking URA3. The design of a new vector, IpO, reduces the work in cloning a single copy of the DNA segment between overlapping URA3 fragments present in the vector. Two PCRs are performed that capture the DNA segment and one or the other URA3 fragment. When the PCR products are co-transformed into yeast, recombination between the overlapping URA3 fragments restores URA3 and transposes the cloned DNA segment inside out, creating a repeat-URA3-repeat cassette. Sequences designed into the PCR primers target integration of the cassette into the genome. Subsequent selection with 5-fluoro-orotic acid yields strains that have 'popped out' URA3 via recombination between the DNA repeats, with the result being the precise insertion of the DNA segment minus the selectable marker. An additional advantage of the IpO method is that it eliminates PCR artifacts that can plague the current method's repeat-containing templates.


DNA insertion; PCR; marker-free; yeast

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