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Rev Mal Respir. 2014 Feb;31(2):150-61. doi: 10.1016/j.rmr.2013.08.006. Epub 2013 Nov 9.

[Birch pollen allergy].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service des maladies respiratoires et allergiques, CHU de Reims, 45, rue Cognacq-Jay, 51092 Reims cedex, France. Electronic address: flavaud@chu-reims.fr.
2
Département des maladies respiratoires, CHU de Strasbourg, BP 426, 67091 Strasbourg cedex, France.
3
Service des maladies respiratoires et allergiques, CHU de Reims, 45, rue Cognacq-Jay, 51092 Reims cedex, France.

Abstract

In the North-East of France, birch is the main tree responsible of spring pollen allergy. However, the epidemiology of sensitization to birch pollen remains unclear. Monosensitization to birch pollen seems rare because of the frequency of cross-reactions with other pollens of the same botanical family via the major allergen Bet v 1. Around one third of patients with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis due to birch pollen are also asthmatics and a half suffer from a food allergy, essentially an oral syndrome due to rosaceae fruits eaten raw. The molecular allergens of birch pollen are well-known and have been cloned. They are available for use in in vitro diagnostic tests and also in clinical trials of specific immunotherapy.

KEYWORDS:

Allergens; Allergie; Allergy; Allergènes; Birch; Bouleau; Pollen; Traitement; Treatment

PMID:
24602682
DOI:
10.1016/j.rmr.2013.08.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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