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Pain Manag Nurs. 2014 Mar;15(1):2-11. doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2012.03.009. Epub 2012 Jun 15.

Enhancing knowledge and attitudes in pain management: a pain management education program for nursing home staff.

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School of Nursing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Electronic address:
School of Nursing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong.


The aim of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a pain management program (PMP) in enhancing the knowledge and attitudes of health care workers in pain management. Many nursing home residents suffer from pain, and treatment of pain is often inadequate. Failure of health care workers to assess pain and their insufficient knowledge of pain management are barriers to adequate treatment. It was a quasiexperimental pretest and posttest study. Four nursing homes were approached, and 88 staff joined the 8-week PMP. Demographics and the knowledge and attitudes regarding pain were collected with the use of the Nurse's Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain-Chinese version (NKASRP-C) before and after the PMP. A deficit in knowledge and attitudes related to pain management was prominent before the PMP, and there was a significant increase in pain knowledge and attitudes from 7.9 ± SD 3.52 to 19.2 ± SD4.4 (p < .05) after the 8-week PMP. A PMP can improve the knowledge and attitudes of nursing staff and enable them to provide adequate and appropriate care to older persons in pain. PMPs for nurses and all health care professionals are important in enhancing care for older adults and to inform policy on the provision of pain management.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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