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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2014 Mar 26;6(6):3963-8. doi: 10.1021/am405232e. Epub 2014 Mar 6.

Antifogging and icing-delay properties of composite micro- and nanostructured surfaces.

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Key Laboratory of Bio-Inspired Smart Interfacial Science and Technology of the Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Environment, Beihang University , Beijing 100191, P. R. China.


A composite micro/nanostrucutred (MN) surface was designed using poly(vinylidene difluoride) (PVDF) polymer in combination with ZnO materials via heat-pattern-transfer and crystal-growth techniques. The surface, composed of ZnO nanohairs over PVDF microratchets (i.e., ZP-MN), displays excellent antifogging and icing-delay properties. Condensed water droplets can be easily shed from the ZP-MN surface at -5 °C for ∼1600 s via a slight wind or tilting. The droplets do not completely freeze on the ZP-MN surface at -10 °C until ∼7360 s. This investigation offers a way to design a structured surface that possesses anti-icing ability, which is significant because it can be extended to fields such as microdevices, engineering systems, and engines that operate in a cold or humid environment.

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