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Zoolog Sci. 2014 Mar;31(3):122-8. doi: 10.2108/zsj.31.122.

Sea lily muscle lacks a troponin-regulatory system, while it contains paramyosin.

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1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiba University, Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 262-8522, Japan.


Troponin, a Ca(2+)-dependent regulator of striated muscle contraction, has been characterized in vertebrates, protochordates (amphioxus and ascidian), and many invertebrate animals that are categorized in protostomes, but it has not been detected in echinoderms, such as sea urchin and sea cucumber, members of subphylum Eleutherozoa. In this study, we examined the muscle of a species of isocrinid sea lilies, a member of subphylum Pelmatozoa, that constitute the most basal group of extant echinoderms to clarify whether troponin is lacking from the early evolution of echinoderms. Native thin filaments were released from the muscle homogenates in a relaxing buffer containing ATP and EGTA, a Ca(2+)-chelator, and were collected by ultra-centrifugation. Actin and tropomyosin, but not a troponin-like protein, were detected in the filament preparation. The filaments increased Mg(2+)-ATPase activity of rabbit skeletal muscle myosin irrespective of the presence or absence of Ca(2+). The results indicate that Ca(2+)-sensitive factor, troponin, is lacking in the thin filaments of sea lily muscle as in those of the other echinoderms, sea urchin and sea cucumber. On the other hand, a paramyosin-like protein that is absent from chordates was detected in sea lily muscle as in the muscles of the other echinoderms and invertebrate animals of protostomes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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