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Int J Appl Basic Med Res. 2014 Jan;4(1):7-10. doi: 10.4103/2229-516X.125670.

Effect of preeclampsia on insulin sensitivity.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Adesh Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Bathinda, Punjab, India.
2
Department of Medicine, Adesh Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Bathinda, Punjab, India.
3
Department of Biochemistry, Adesh Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Bathinda, Punjab, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study is to investigate whether preeclampsia is associated with exacerbation of insulin resistance.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The study was conducted over a period of 7 months from November 2011 to May 2012, in a tertiary care hospital attached to a medical college. A total of 14 pregnant women in the third trimester with preeclampsia were recruited for this study and 14 well-matched normotensive women in the third trimester were taken as control. 15 g, 50% dextrose load was given intravenously and blood sampling was carried out for glucose and insulin levels up to 3 h afterward. Minimal model analysis of glucose and insulin levels was performed to arrive at results.

RESULTS:

No significant changes in mean age, body mass index, gestation, serum lipid and progesterone, cortisol and androgen concentrations were recognized. No significant difference was found between the glucose decay curves and between the glucose clearance rate K, in the two groups (preeclamptic vs. normotensive: 2.1 ± 0.2 vs. 2.2 ± 0.3; P = 0.48). Therefore, there was a small but prolonged decrease in the insulin response of women with preeclampsia compared with women in the normotensive group.

CONCLUSION:

Preeclampsia per se is not a risk factor for development of insulin resistance.

KEYWORDS:

Glucose tolerance; insulin sensitivity; preeclampsia

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