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Indian J Orthop. 2014 Jan;48(1):1-9. doi: 10.4103/0019-5413.125477.

Orthobiologics and platelet rich plasma.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.
2
Department of Orthopaedics, Hiranandani Hospital, Povai, Mumbai, India.

Abstract

Orthobiologics have evolved to the extent that they significantly influence modern orthopedic surgical practice. A better understanding of the role of various growth factors and cells in the process of tendon healing, ligament repair, cartilage regeneration and bone formation has stimulated focused research in many chronic musculoskeletal ailments. Investigators have published results of laboratory as well as clinical studies, using orthobiologics like platelet rich plasma, stem cells, autologous conditioned serum etc., with variable results. However, a clear consensus over the best orthobiologic substance and the method of preparation and usage of these substances is lacking. Much of the confusion is due to the fact that studies ranging from RCTs to case reports present variable results, and the interpretations are wide-ranging. We have reviewed the available orthobiologics related data with a focus on platelet rich plasma in orthopedic conditions.

KEYWORDS:

Platelet rich plasma; ligament repair; orthobiologics; tendon healing

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