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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2014 May 1;306(9):F1008-17. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00597.2013. Epub 2014 Mar 5.

Diabetic nephropathy in a nonobese mouse model of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Dept. of Medicine/Nephrology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1243, New York, NY.


A large body of research has contributed to our understanding of the pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy. Yet, many questions remain regarding the progression of a disease that accounts for nearly half the patients entering dialysis yearly. Several murine models of diabetic nephropathy secondary to Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) do exist, and some are more representative than others, but all have limitations. In this study, we aimed to identify a new mouse model of diabetic nephropathy secondary to T2DM in a previously described T2DM model, the MKR (MCK-KR-hIGF-IR) mouse. In this mouse model, T2DM develops as a result of functional inactivation of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) in the skeletal muscle. These mice are lean, with marked insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia and thus are representative of nonobese human T2DM. We show that the MKR mice, when under stress (high-fat diet or unilateral nephrectomy), develop progressive diabetic nephropathy with marked albuminuria and meet the histopathological criteria as defined by the Animal Models of Diabetic Complications Consortium. Finally, these MKR mice are fertile and are on a common background strain, making it a novel model to study the progression of diabetic nephropathy.


Type 2 diabetes mellitus; diabetic nephropathy; insulin-like growth factor-I receptor; leptin

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