Format

Send to

Choose Destination
FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2014 Jun;88(3):468-81. doi: 10.1111/1574-6941.12312. Epub 2014 Mar 25.

Diversity and abundance of aromatic catabolic genes in lake sediments in response to temperature change.

Author information

1
Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology and Science for Life Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

The abundance and composition of genes involved in the catabolism of aromatic compounds provide important information on the biodegradation potential of organic pollutants and naturally occurring compounds in the environment. We studied catechol 2, 3 dioxygenase (C23O) and benzylsuccinate synthase (bssA) genes coding for key enzymes of aerobic and anaerobic degradation of aromatic compounds in experimental incubations with sediments from two contrasting lakes; humic lake Svarttjärn and eutrophic Vallentunasjön, respectively. Sediment cores from both lakes were incubated continuously for 5 months at constant temperatures ranging from 1.0 to 21.0 °C. The difference in C23O gene composition of the sediment analyzed at the end of the experiment was larger between lakes, than among temperature treatments within each lake. The abundance of C23O gene copies and measured respiration was positively correlated with temperature in Vallentunasjön, whereas putative C23O genes were present in lower concentrations in Svarttjärn sediments. Putative bssA genes were only detected in Svarttjärn. For both lakes, the two catabolic genes were most abundant in the surface sediment. The results emphasize the important role of temperature and nutrient availability in controlling the functional potential of sediment microorganisms and reveal differences between systems with contrasting trophic status. A better understanding of catabolic pathways and enzymes will enable more accurate forecasting of the functional properties of ecosystems under various scenarios of environmental change.

KEYWORDS:

T-RFLP; bacterial communities; bensynsuccinate synthase; biodegradation; cathecol 2,3 dioxygenase; quantitative PCR

PMID:
24597511
DOI:
10.1111/1574-6941.12312
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center