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J Reprod Med. 2014 Jan-Feb;59(1-2):20-4.

Cesarean section as a risk factor for the development of adenomyosis uteri.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wyckoff Heights Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 11237, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate whether there is an association between cesarean delivery and the subsequent development ofadenomyosis uteri based on pathologic diagnosis.

STUDY DESIGN:

A total of 601 patients who had had a hysterectomy at a community hospital were identified. Data were collected from their medical records, focusing on uterine pathology and prior obstetric history. These data formed the basis for a case-control study to disclose an association between cesarean delivery and the subsequent development of adenomyosis uteri.

RESULTS:

Among 189 women with adenomyosis, cesarean delivery had occurred in 25%. This contrasted with 14% cesarean deliveries among those 178 women without adenomyosis, for an odds ratio of 2.08. These 2 groups were comparable in make-up in regard to demographic variables and medical history.

CONCLUSION:

There is strong association between adenomyosis and previous cesarean section. This association raises important questions about whether technical aspects of cesarean section may contribute to the consequence of adenomyosis.

PMID:
24597282
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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