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Metab Eng. 2014 May;23:70-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ymben.2014.02.012. Epub 2014 Mar 2.

One step DNA assembly for combinatorial metabolic engineering.

Author information

1
Centre of Expertise - Industrial Biotechnology and Biocatalysis, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: pietera.coussement@ugent.be.
2
Centre of Expertise - Industrial Biotechnology and Biocatalysis, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: jo.maertens@ugent.be.
3
Centre of Expertise - Industrial Biotechnology and Biocatalysis, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: joeri.beauprez@ugent.be.
4
Centre of Expertise - Industrial Biotechnology and Biocatalysis, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: wouter.vanbellegem@ugent.be.
5
Centre of Expertise - Industrial Biotechnology and Biocatalysis, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: marjan.demey@ugent.be.

Abstract

The rapid and efficient assembly of multi-step metabolic pathways for generating microbial strains with desirable phenotypes is a critical procedure for metabolic engineering, and remains a significant challenge in synthetic biology. Although several DNA assembly methods have been developed and applied for metabolic pathway engineering, many of them are limited by their suitability for combinatorial pathway assembly. The introduction of transcriptional (promoters), translational (ribosome binding site (RBS)) and enzyme (mutant genes) variability to modulate pathway expression levels is essential for generating balanced metabolic pathways and maximizing the productivity of a strain. We report a novel, highly reliable and rapid single strand assembly (SSA) method for pathway engineering. The method was successfully optimized and applied to create constructs containing promoter, RBS and/or mutant enzyme libraries. To demonstrate its efficiency and reliability, the method was applied to fine-tune multi-gene pathways. Two promoter libraries were simultaneously introduced in front of two target genes, enabling orthogonal expression as demonstrated by principal component analysis. This shows that SSA will increase our ability to tune multi-gene pathways at all control levels for the biotechnological production of complex metabolites, achievable through the combinatorial modulation of transcription, translation and enzyme activity.

KEYWORDS:

Metabolic engineering; Pathway optimization; Promoter library; Protein library; RBS library

PMID:
24594279
DOI:
10.1016/j.ymben.2014.02.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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