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J Neuroimaging. 2015 Jan-Feb;25(1):31-55. doi: 10.1111/jon.12108. Epub 2014 Mar 4.

Neonatal head ultrasonography today: a powerful imaging tool!

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Section of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.


Head ultrasonography (HUS) remains an important tool in the initial evaluation of intracranial abnormalities in infants. In experienced hands, HUS is an outstanding tool to detect brain abnormalities in preterm and full-term infants, to follow the progression of these lesions, and to describe the maturation of the infant brain. We believe it is a safe and cost-efficient alternative to magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography in many cases. In this article we discuss the HUS techniques that are currently available and are now the standard of care, how to perform them, and what to look for. We describe a variety of findings that may be encountered including hemorrhagic complications of prematurity, hypoxic ischemic brain injury, neonatal stroke, infections, malformations, neoplasms, and a few more rare neonatal pathologies.


Head ultrasonography; neonate; preterm; term neonate

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