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Acta Gastroenterol Belg. 2013 Dec;76(4):381-5.

Prevalence of and risk factors for H. pylori infection in healthy children and young adults in Belgium anno 2010/2011.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, VUB (Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Brussels, Belgium. Fazia.mana@uzbrussel.be
2
Department of Gastroenterology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, VUB (Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Brussels, Belgium.
3
Clinical Biology Department, Brugmann University Hospital, Brussels, Belgium.
4
Center for Outcomes Research and Laboratory for Experimental Surgery, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, VUB (Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Estimation of prevalence and risk factors for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in children and young adults in Belgium.

STUDY DESIGN:

Five hundred and sixteen schoolchildren between 12 and 25 years old were tested for H. pylori infection using 13C-UBT in different regions in Belgium. A questionnaire was used to evaluate risk factors.

RESULTS:

Fifty six (11%) tested positive. In children born in Belgium, with parents from Belgium, 13 (3,2%) tested positive. In children born in a foreign country, 20 (60%) tested positive; if born in Belgium but 1 or 2 parents were from a foreign country, 15 (30%) tested positive. Differences were significant (p <0.001). In the multivariate analyses, significant risk factors were staying in a day nursery, a birthplace of child or father outside Belgium, and lower education levels of mother.

CONCLUSION:

In this cohort of Belgian asymptomatic children and young adults, the prevalence of H. pylori infection is 11%, ranging from 3,2% in Belgian born children with Belgian parents to 60% in children born in high prevalence countries from foreign parents. The most significant risk factor found in this study was origin.

PMID:
24592540
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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