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Ann Biomed Eng. 2014 Jun;42(6):1207-23. doi: 10.1007/s10439-014-0988-6. Epub 2014 Mar 4.

Consistent biomechanical phenotyping of common carotid arteries from seven genetic, pharmacological, and surgical mouse models.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.


The continuing lack of longitudinal histopathological and biomechanical data for human arteries in health and disease highlights the importance of studying the many genetic, pharmacological, and surgical models that are available in mice. As a result, there has been a significant increase in the number of reports on the biomechanics of murine arteries over the past decade, particularly for the common carotid artery. Whereas most of these studies have focused on wild-type controls or comparing controls vs. a single model of altered hemodynamics or vascular disease, there is a pressing need to compare results across many different models to understand more broadly the effects of genetic mutations, pharmacological treatments, or surgical alterations on the evolving hemodynamics and the microstructure and biomechanical properties of these vessels. This paper represents a first step toward this goal, that is, a biomechanical phenotyping of common carotid arteries from control mice and seven different mouse models that represent alterations in elastic fiber integrity, collagen remodeling, and smooth muscle cell functionality.

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