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J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2015 May-Jun;30(3):219-27. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000018.

Exploring minor hockey players' knowledge and attitudes toward concussion: implications for prevention.

Author information

1
Department of Educational Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (Dr Mrazik and Ms. Perra), Neurosciences (Brain Injury and Rehabilitation programs), Alberta Children's Hospital, Departments of Paediatrics and Clinical Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, and Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute for Child & Maternal Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (Dr Brooks); and Sport Med, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Alberta, Canada (Dr Naidu).

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate minor hockey players' attitudes and knowledge about sport concussions.

PARTICIPANTS:

Male and female Pee Wee, Bantam, and Midget level players (n = 183) participating in minor hockey and a comparison group of non-hockey players (n = 57).

DESIGN:

Survey.

MAIN MEASURES:

Player knowledge and attitudes were evaluated with a standardized questionnaire developed for the purpose of this study. Descriptive statistics including cross-tabulations and proportion comparisons were used to report the data.

RESULTS:

Players had foundational knowledge about concussions; however, more than half underestimated the prevalence and more than 30% were unaware of return to play protocols. Although nearly all players knew what they "should" do when concussed, 33% did not follow recommendations. Players reported more concern and appreciation of the seriousness of concussion than non-players, but they tended to minimize their vulnerability. The most common and helpful information sources were parents, doctors, and coaches, and therefore knowledge translation efforts should target theses audiences.

CONCLUSION:

Young athletes continue to demonstrate gaps in their knowledge of concussions. In addition, attitudes toward concussion suggest a developmental trajectory with younger athletes being most likely to ignore current recommended guidelines.

PMID:
24590152
DOI:
10.1097/HTR.0000000000000018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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