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Gynecol Oncol. 2014 May;133(2):180-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2014.02.035. Epub 2014 Mar 1.

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by robotic radical hysterectomy in locally advanced cervical cancer: a multi-institution study.

Author information

1
Department of Oncological Surgery, Gynecologic Oncologic Unit, "Regina Elena" National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy.
2
Department of Oncological Surgery, Gynecologic Oncologic Unit, "Regina Elena" National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: giacomo.corrado@alice.it.
3
Department of Gynecology, Cervical Cancer Center, European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Minimally invasive surgery has been performed in locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) without adverse effect in patient's overall prognosis and survival. The aim of this report is to evaluate the feasibility and morbidity of total robotic radical hysterectomy (TRRH) with pelvic lymphadenectomy in patients with LACC after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NACT).

METHODS:

From February 2008 to April 2013 a retrospective data collection of women undergoing TRRH for cervical cancer stage FIGO IB2 to IIB, after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, was conducted at "Regina Elena" National Cancer Institute of Rome and European Institute of Oncology of Milan. All patients deemed operable underwent TRRH with pelvic lymphadenectomy within 4 weeks from the last chemotherapy cycle.

RESULTS:

Median operative time was 225 min (range, 105-387 min). The median blood loss was 150 mL (range, 30-700 mL). The median number of removed pelvic lymph nodes was 23 (range, 8-69). Sixteen patients had an optimal response (12 PCR, 4 pPR1) to chemotherapy, 33 patients had a pPR2 and 11 patient showed stable disease. Adjuvant therapy was administrated in 36 patients (60%). We experienced one intra-operative complication and 19 post-operative complications, but no conversions to laparotomy were necessary to manage these complications. Six patients received a blood transfusion. At the time of this report, with a median follow-up of 28.9 months, 50 patients (83%) are free from recurrence.

CONCLUSION:

This experience demonstrates the feasibility of TRRH pelvic lymphadenectomy after NACT in LACC with good accuracy and safety.

KEYWORDS:

Locally advanced cervical cancer; Minimally invasive surgery; Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy; Robotic radical hysterectomy

PMID:
24589412
DOI:
10.1016/j.ygyno.2014.02.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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