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J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2014;43(2):216-28. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2013.862804. Epub 2014 Mar 3.

The integration of behavioral health interventions in children's health care: services, science, and suggestions.

Author information

1
a Department of Psychiatry , University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic.

Abstract

Because the integration of mental or behavioral health services in pediatric primary care is a national priority, a description and evaluation of the interventions applied in the healthcare setting is warranted. This article examines several intervention research studies based on alternative models for delivering behavioral health care in conjunction with comprehensive pediatric care. This review describes the diverse methods applied to different clinical problems, such as brief mental health skills, clinical guidelines, and evidence-based practices, and the empirical outcomes of this research literature. Next, several key treatment considerations are discussed to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of these interventions. Some practical suggestions for overcoming key service barriers are provided to enhance the capacity of the practice to deliver behavioral health care. There is moderate empirical support for the feasibility, acceptability, and clinical utility of these interventions for treating internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Practical strategies to extend this work and address methodological limitations are provided that draw upon recent frameworks designed to simplify the treatment enterprise (e.g., common elements). Pediatric primary care has become an important venue for providing mental health services to children and adolescents due, in part, to its many desirable features (e.g., no stigma, local setting, familiar providers). Further adaptation of existing delivery models may promote the delivery of effective integrated interventions with primary care providers as partners designed to address mental health problems in pediatric healthcare.

PMID:
24588366
PMCID:
PMC4011180
DOI:
10.1080/15374416.2013.862804
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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