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Sleep Disord. 2014;2014:508372. doi: 10.1155/2014/508372. Epub 2014 Jan 22.

Sleep Quality and Quality of Life in COPD Patients with and without Suspected Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Metabolic Disease Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin 3419759811, Iran.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin 3419759811, Iran.
3
Department of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin 3419759811, Iran.

Abstract

Present study was designed to obtain association between sleep apnea with sleep quality and quality of life in COPD patients. This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 139 patients with COPD in a chest clinic of a university hospital. All patients were evaluated by pulmonary function test for determination of severity of their disease. Also, Berlin questionnaire, Epworth sleepiness scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and St. George Respiratory questionnaires (SGRQ) were employed for assessment of patients. Analysis of data showed that quality of sleep was significantly correlated with quality of life (P < 0.001). About half of the patients were at high risk for sleep apnea. The patients were divided into two groups according to the result of Berlin questionnaire. Significant differences were found between the groups for total score and each of three subscores of SGRQ suggesting worse quality of life in overlap syndrome (P < 0.001). Also, patients with overlap syndrome had worse quality of sleep compared to patients without it (8.1 ± 1.7 versus 6.2 ± 2.3; P < 0.001). Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that severity of COPD, coexisting obstructive sleep apnea, and sleep quality accounted for the SGRQ significantly (r (2) (coefficient of determination) = 0.08, 0.21, and 0.18, resp.). It is recommended that patient with COPD be evaluated for sleep apnea and sleep disorders during routine examinations and followups.

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