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ScientificWorldJournal. 2014 Jan 22;2014:595962. doi: 10.1155/2014/595962. eCollection 2014.

Effect of probiotics supplementation on bone mineral content and bone mass density.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
2
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebengsaan Malaysia, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Abstract

A few studies in animals and a study in humans showed a positive effect of probiotic on bone metabolism and bone mass density. Most of the investigated bacteria were Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. The positive results of the probiotics were supported by the high content of dietary calcium and the high amounts of supplemented probiotics. Some of the principal mechanisms include (1) increasing mineral solubility due to production of short chain fatty acids; (2) producing phytase enzyme by bacteria to overcome the effect of mineral depressed by phytate; (3) reducing intestinal inflammation followed by increasing bone mass density; (4) hydrolysing glycoside bond food in the intestines by Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria. These mechanisms lead to increase bioavailability of the minerals. In conclusion, probiotics showed potential effects on bone metabolism through different mechanisms with outstanding results in the animal model. The results also showed that postmenopausal women who suffered from low bone mass density are potential targets to consume probiotics for increasing mineral bioavailability including calcium and consequently increasing bone mass density.

PMID:
24587733
PMCID:
PMC3920759
DOI:
10.1155/2014/595962
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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