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PLoS One. 2014 Feb 28;9(2):e90248. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090248. eCollection 2014.

Serum bilirubin concentration in healthy adult North-Europeans is strictly controlled by the UGT1A1 TA-repeat variants.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Oslo, Norway.
  • 2Fürst Medical Laboratory, Oslo, Norway.
  • 3Department of Medical Biochemistry, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Oslo, Norway.
  • 4Department of Medical Biochemistry, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Oslo, Norway ; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

The major enzyme responsible for the glucuronidation of bilirubin is the uridine 5'-diphosphoglucose glucuronosyltransferase A1 (UGT1A1) enzyme, and genetic variation in the UGT1A1 gene is reported to influence the bilirubin concentration in the blood. In this study, we have investigated which gene-/haplotype variants may be useful for genetic testing of Gilbert's syndrome. Two groups of samples based on serum bilirubin concentrations were obtained from the Nordic Reference Interval Project Bio-bank and Database (NOBIDA): the 150 individuals with the highest bilirubin (>17.5 µmol/L) and the 150 individuals with normal bilirubin concentrations (<17.5 µmol/L). The individuals were examined for the TA6>TA7 variant in the UGT1A1 promoter and 7 tag-SNPs in an extended promoter region of UGT1A1 (haplotype analysis) and in selected SNPs in candidate genes (SLCO1B3, ABCC2 and NUP153). We found significant odds ratios for high bilirubin level for all the selected UGT1A1 variants. However, in stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis of all genetic variants together with age, sex, country of origin and fasting time, the repeat variants of UGT1A1 TA6>TA7 and SLCO1B3 rs2117032 T>C were the only variants significantly associated with higher bilirubin concentrations. Most individuals with high bilirubin levels were homozygous for the TA7-repeat (74%) while only 3% were homozygous for the TA7-repeat in individuals with normal bilirubin levels. Among individuals heterozygous for the TA7-repeat, a low frequent UGT1A1-diplotype harboring the rs7564935 G-variant was associated with higher bilirubin levels. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that in testing for Gilbert's syndrome, analyzing for the homozygous TA7/TA7-genotype would be appropriate.

PMID:
24587300
PMCID:
PMC3938665
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0090248
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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