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PLoS One. 2014 Feb 27;9(2):e89444. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089444. eCollection 2014.

Impact of HIV on CD8+ T cell CD57 expression is distinct from that of CMV and aging.

Author information

1
Departments of Medicine, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
2
Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America ; Department of Medicine, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Chronic antigenic stimulation by cytomegalovirus (CMV) is thought to increase "immunosenesence" of aging, characterized by accumulation of terminally differentiated CD28- CD8+ T cells and increased CD57, a marker of proliferative history. Whether chronic HIV infection causes similar effects is currently unclear.

METHODS:

We compared markers of CD8+ T cell differentiation (e.g., CD28, CD27, CCR7, CD45RA) and CD57 expression on CD28- CD8+ T cells in healthy HIV-uninfected adults with and without CMV infection and in both untreated and antiretroviral therapy (ART)-suppressed HIV-infected adults with asymptomatic CMV infection.

RESULTS:

Compared to HIV-uninfected adults without CMV (n=12), those with asymptomatic CMV infection (n=31) had a higher proportion of CD28-CD8+ T cells expressing CD57 (P=0.005). Older age was also associated with greater proportions of CD28-CD8+ T cells expressing CD57 (rho: 0.47, P=0.007). In contrast, untreated HIV-infected CMV+ participants (n=55) had much lower proportions of CD28- CD8+ cells expressing CD57 than HIV-uninfected CMV+ participants (P<0.0001) and were enriched for less well-differentiated CD28- transitional memory (TTR) CD8+ T cells (P<0.0001). Chronically HIV-infected adults maintaining ART-mediated viral suppression (n=96) had higher proportions of CD28-CD8+ T cells expressing CD57 than untreated patients (P<0.0001), but continued to have significantly lower levels than HIV-uninfected controls (P=0.001). Among 45 HIV-infected individuals initiating their first ART regimen, the proportion of CD28-CD8+ T cells expressing CD57 declined (P<0.0001), which correlated with a decline in percent of transitional memory CD8+ T cells, and appeared to be largely explained by a decline in CD28-CD57- CD8+ T cell counts rather than an expansion of CD28-CD57+ CD8+ T cell counts.

CONCLUSIONS:

Unlike CMV and aging, which are associated with terminal differentiation and proliferation of effector memory CD8+ T cells, HIV inhibits this process, expanding less well-differentiated CD28- CD8+ T cells and decreasing the proportion of CD28- CD8+ T cells that express CD57.

PMID:
24586783
PMCID:
PMC3937334
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0089444
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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