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PLoS One. 2014 Feb 20;9(2):e89133. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089133. eCollection 2014.

Imbalanced expression of Vcan mRNA splice form proteins alters heart morphology and cellular protein profiles.

Author information

1
Departments of Regenerative Medicine & Cell Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, United States of America.
2
Institute of Surgical Pathology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
3
Department of Cell and Molecular Pharmacology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, United States of America.
4
Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America.

Abstract

The fundamental importance of the proteoglycan versican to early heart formation was clearly demonstrated by the Vcan null mouse called heart defect (hdf). Total absence of the Vcan gene halts heart development at a stage prior to the heart's pulmonary/aortic outlet segment growth. This creates a problem for determining the significance of versican's expression in the forming valve precursors and vascular wall of the pulmonary and aortic roots. This study presents data from a mouse model, Vcan ((tm1Zim)), of heart defects that results from deletion of exon 7 in the Vcan gene. Loss of exon 7 prevents expression of two of the four alternative splice forms of the Vcan gene. Mice homozygous for the exon 7 deletion survive into adulthood, however, the inability to express the V2 or V0 forms of versican results in ventricular septal defects, smaller cushions/valve leaflets with diminished myocardialization and altered pulmonary and aortic outflow tracts. We correlate these phenotypic findings with a large-scale differential protein expression profiling to identify compensatory alterations in cardiac protein expression at E13.5 post coitus that result from the absence of Vcan exon 7. The Vcan ((tm1Zim)) hearts show significant changes in the relative abundance of several cytoskeletal and muscle contraction proteins including some previously associated with heart disease. These alterations define a protein fingerprint that provides insight to the observed deficiencies in pre-valvular/septal cushion mesenchyme and the stability of the myocardial phenotype required for alignment of the outflow tract with the heart ventricles.

PMID:
24586547
PMCID:
PMC3930639
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0089133
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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