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J Aging Health. 2014 Feb;26(1):106-27. doi: 10.1177/0898264314522894.

Addressing social inequality in aging by the Danish occupational social class measurement.

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1
University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To present the Danish Occupational Social Class (DOSC) measurement as a measure of socioeconomic position (SEP) applicable in a late midlife population, and to analyze associations of this measure with three aging-related outcomes in midlife, adjusting for education.

METHOD:

Systematic coding procedures of the DOSC measurement were applied to 7,084 participants from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) survey. We examined the association of this measure of SEP with chronic conditions, self-rated health, and mobility in logistic regression analyses, adjusting for school education in the final analysis.

RESULTS:

The measure of SEP showed a strong social gradient along the social classes in terms of prevalence of chronic conditions, poor self-rated health, and mobility limitations. Adjusting for school education attenuated the association only to a minor degree.

DISCUSSION:

The DOSC measure was associated with aging-related outcomes in a midlife Danish population, and is, thus, well suited for future epidemiological research on social inequalities in health and aging.

KEYWORDS:

aging; measurement; occupational social class; social gradient

PMID:
24584263
DOI:
10.1177/0898264314522894
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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