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J Aging Health. 2014 Feb;26(1):54-71. doi: 10.1177/0898264313509278.

Smoking and drinking as risk indicators for tooth loss in middle-aged Danes.

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1
University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate tobacco and alcohol consumption as risk indicators for missing teeth in late middle-aged Danes.

METHOD:

In all, 1,517 Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) participants received a clinical oral examination that included number of teeth. Information on smoking, drinking, and various covariates was obtained using self-administered, structured questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression (dependent variable: 6+ vs. <6 missing teeth) were used to investigate smoking and drinking in relation to missing teeth.

RESULTS:

Current smokers, persons who currently or previously smoked >15 tobacco units/day, and persons who had smoked for 27+ years had elevated mean scores of missing teeth and associated odds ratios (OR) compared with never smokers. Relative to nondrinkers, alcohol consumption was associated with reduced odds of missing 6+ teeth.

DISCUSSION:

Our findings suggest that smoking is positively associated, while alcoholic beverage consumption is inversely related to tooth loss in middle-aged Danes.

KEYWORDS:

drinking; middle-aged; smoking; tooth loss

PMID:
24584260
DOI:
10.1177/0898264313509278
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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