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Nat Neurosci. 2014 Apr;17(4):569-76. doi: 10.1038/nn.3669. Epub 2014 Mar 2.

Broadly tuned and respiration-independent inhibition in the olfactory bulb of awake mice.

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1
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, USA.

Abstract

Olfactory representations are shaped by brain state and respiration. The interaction and circuit substrates of these influences are unclear. Granule cells (GCs) in the main olfactory bulb (MOB) are presumed to sculpt activity reaching the cortex via inhibition of mitral/tufted cells (MTs). GCs potentially make ensemble activity more sparse by facilitating lateral inhibition among MTs and/or enforce temporally precise activity locked to breathing. Yet the selectivity and temporal structure of wakeful GC activity are unknown. We recorded GCs in the MOB of anesthetized and awake mice and identified state-dependent features of odor coding and temporal patterning. Under anesthesia, GCs were sparsely active and strongly and synchronously coupled to respiration. Upon waking, GCs desynchronized, broadened their tuning and largely fired independently from respiration. Thus, during wakefulness, GCs exhibited stronger odor responses with less temporal structure. We propose that during wakefulness GCs may shape MT odor responses through broadened lateral interactions rather than respiratory synchronization.

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PMID:
24584050
DOI:
10.1038/nn.3669
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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