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Respir Med. 2014 May;108(5):661-7. doi: 10.1016/j.rmed.2014.01.013. Epub 2014 Feb 8.

Hookah, is it really harmless?

Author information

1
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Anáhuac México Norte, Av. Universidad Anahuac No. 46, Col. Lomas Anáhuac, Huixquilucan, Edo. de México C.P. 52786, Mexico.
2
Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Calzada de Tlalpan 4502, sección XVI, Del. Tlalpan, CP14080 México, D.F., Mexico. Electronic address: ivettebu@yahoo.com.mx.

Abstract

The hookah is a snuff smoking device whose origin dates back to the fifteenth century, has been used extensively in the Middle East in recent decades has become popular in Western culture countries, particularly in Americas and Europe. It has been reported that like other forms smoking tobacco, their use can lead to addiction also is used for inhaling and other addictive substances. Has also been considered a risk factor for various isolated diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), different types of cancer, hemodynamic alterations, vascular disease, infectious diseases, among others. In pregnant women has been reported that there use condition a diminution on fetal growth and different diseases in the newborn. It was also mentioned that hookah smoke contains several toxic substances that can affect both, the primary and the passive smoker, so we did this review to determine the complications associated with its use.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer; Hookah; Risk factor; Second hand smoke

PMID:
24582881
DOI:
10.1016/j.rmed.2014.01.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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