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Aten Primaria. 2014 Oct;46(8):408-15. doi: 10.1016/j.aprim.2013.12.006. Epub 2014 Feb 28.

[The social representation that adolescents from Jalisco, Mexico have of early detection of breast cancer].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Investigación Epidemiológica y en Servicios de Salud del Adolescente, Tonalá, Jalisco, México; Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario en Ciencias de la Salud, Departamento de Salud Pública, Laboratorio de Salud Pública, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. Electronic address: amparo.uiessa@gmail.com.
2
Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario en Ciencias de la Salud, Departamento de Salud Pública, Laboratorio de Salud Pública, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.
3
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Investigación Epidemiológica y en Servicios de Salud del Adolescente, Tonalá, Jalisco, México; Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario en Ciencias de la Salud, Departamento de Salud Pública, Laboratorio de Salud Pública, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.
4
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Investigación Epidemiológica y en Servicios de Salud del Adolescente, Tonalá, Jalisco, México.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To describe the social representation that adolescents from Jalisco, Mexico, have of early detection of breast cancer.

DESIGN:

Qualitative cross, analytical interpretative and based on the theory of social representations. Non-probability sampling.

LOCATION:

Contact schools in basic education level of 7municipalities of the State of Jalisco, Mexico, through various government and educational institutions.

PARTICIPANTS:

A hundred thirty five schooled adolescents, men and women.

METHOD:

Interview with 12 focus group 8-12participants and 1 with 18participants. The interviews were transcribed in Atlas Ti program version 4.1 for a semiotic analysis to identify components of social representation.

RESULTS:

The precocious detection linked itself to the decrease of deaths for cancer of breast, long treatments and mastectomy, but little coverage was perceived to the mammary health of the teenager. They refer as limiter elements of the precocious detection the aspects of kind, psychological and of access to the information and services of health; since facilitators there was mentioned the transition of the limiter elements to facilitators.

CONCLUSIONS:

A favorable panorama appears on the level of awareness of the teenagers on his mammary health, identifying as a sector highly sensitive to the information about cancer of breast and with disposition to effect actions of early detection; there are identified as important challenge the generation of campaigns, educational materials and spaces of health focused on the teenager.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescence; Adolescencia; Breast cancer; Cáncer de mama; Detección precoz del cáncer; Early detection of cancer; Representación social; Social representation

PMID:
24582809
DOI:
10.1016/j.aprim.2013.12.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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