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Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 May;37(5):302-10. doi: 10.1016/j.gastrohep.2013.12.010. Epub 2014 Feb 28.

[Importance of diet in irritable bowel syndrome].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Servicio de Aparato Digestivo, Instituto de Trastornos Funcionales y Motores Digestivos, Centro Médico Teknon, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: mearin@dr.teknon.es.
2
Servicio de Aparato Digestivo, Instituto de Trastornos Funcionales y Motores Digestivos, Centro Médico Teknon, Barcelona, España.
3
CSI Almazora, Castellón, España.

Abstract

About two-thirds of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients associate their symptoms with certain foods. We reviewed food-related factors putatively associated with manifestations of IBS. Soluble fiber may improve constipation but frequently increases bloating and abdominal pain. Carbohydrate malabsorption seems to be more frequent in IBS. A low FODMAP (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols) diet significantly reduces IBS symptoms and has been suggested as a therapeutic option. Serological screening for celiac disease should be done in patients without constipation. Moreover, non-celiac disease gluten sensitivity, defined as gluten intolerance once celiac disease and wheat allergy have been ruled out, should be considered in these patients. There is no specific diet for IBS patients but small and frequent meals, avoiding greasy foods, dairy products, many carbohydrates, caffeine and alcohol, is recommended.

KEYWORDS:

Celiac disease; Diet; Dieta; Enfermedad celiaca; Fodmap; Fructose; Gluten; Irritable bowel syndrome; Lactosa; Lactose; Síndrome del intestino irritable; fructosa

PMID:
24582764
DOI:
10.1016/j.gastrohep.2013.12.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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