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Ultrason Sonochem. 2014 Jul;21(4):1325-34. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2014.02.004. Epub 2014 Feb 15.

Combined of ultrasound irradiation with high hydrostatic pressure (US/HHP) as a new method to improve immobilization of dextranase onto alginate gel.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi 214122, China; Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Gezira, P.O. Box 20, Wad Madani, Sudan. Electronic address: mohanad.81@hotmail.com.
2
State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi 214122, China.
3
State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi 214122, China. Electronic address: jinlab2008@yahoo.com.

Abstract

In this research work, dextranase was immobilized onto calcium alginate beads by the combination of ultrasonic irradiation and high hydrostatic pressure (US/HHP) treatments. Effects of US/HHP treatments on loading efficiency and immobilization yield of dextranase enzyme onto calcium alginate beads were investigated. Furthermore, the activities of immobilized enzymes prepared with and without US/HHP treatments and that prepared with ultrasonic irradiation (US) and high hydrostatic pressure (HHP), as a function of pH, temperature, recyclability and enzyme kinetic parameters, were compared with that for free enzyme. The maximum loading efficiency and the immobilization yield were observed when the immobilized dextranase was prepared with US (40 W at 25 kHz for 15 min) combined with HHP (400 MPa for 15 min), under which the loading efficiency and the immobilization yield increased by 88.92% and 80.86%, respectively, compared to immobilized enzymes prepared without US/HHP treatment. On the other hand, immobilized enzyme prepared with US/HHP treatment showed Vmax, KM, catalytic and specificity constants values higher than that for the immobilized enzyme prepared with HHP treatment, indicated that, this new US/HHP method improved the catalytic kinetics activity of immobilized dextranase at all the reaction conditions studied. Compared to immobilized enzyme prepared either with US or HHP, the immobilized enzymes prepared with US/HHP method exhibited a higher: pH optimum, optimal reaction temperature, thermal stability and recyclability, and lower activation energy, which, illustrating the effectiveness of the US/HHP method. These results indicated that, the combination of US and HHP treatments could be an effective method for improving the immobilization of enzymes in polymers.

KEYWORDS:

Calcium alginate; Dextranase; Enzymes; High hydrostatic pressure; Immobilization; Ultrasound irradiation

PMID:
24582659
DOI:
10.1016/j.ultsonch.2014.02.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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