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J Pediatr. 2014 May;164(5):999-1004.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.01.028. Epub 2014 Feb 25.

Preferential cephalic redistribution of left ventricular cardiac output during therapeutic hypothermia for perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.

Author information

1
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.
2
Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
3
Division of Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
4
Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the relationship between left ventricular cardiac output (LVCO), superior vena cava (SVC) flow, and brain injury during whole-body therapeutic hypothermia.

STUDY DESIGN:

Sixteen newborns with moderate or severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy were studied using echocardiography during and immediately after therapeutic hypothermia. Measures were also compared with 12 healthy newborns of similar postnatal age. Newborns undergoing therapeutic hypothermia also had cerebral magnetic resonance imaging as part of routine clinical care on postnatal day 3-4.

RESULTS:

LVCO was markedly reduced (mean ± SD 126 ± 38 mL/kg/min) during therapeutic hypothermia, whereas SVC flow was maintained within expected normal values (88 ± 27 mL/kg/min) such that SVC flow represented 70% of the LVCO. The reduction in LVCO during therapeutic hypothermia was mainly accounted by a reduction in heart rate (99 ± 13 vs 123 ± 17 beats/min; P < .001) compared with immediately postwarming in the context of myocardial dysfunction. Neonates with brain injury on magnetic resonance imaging had higher SVC flow prerewarming, compared with newborns without brain injury (P = .013).

CONCLUSION:

Newborns with perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy showed a preferential systemic-to-cerebral redistribution of cardiac blood flow during whole-body therapeutic hypothermia, which may reflect a lack of cerebral vascular adaptation in newborns with more severe brain injury.

PMID:
24582011
PMCID:
PMC4623763
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.01.028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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