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Cell Tissue Res. 1988 Jul;253(1):145-50.

Calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity in the biliary pathway and liver of the guinea-pig: distribution and colocalization with substance P.

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Department of Psychology, UCLA School of Medicine.


Calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity was localized immunohistochemically in nerve fibers innervating the biliary pathway and liver of the guinea-pig. Immunoreactive fibers are present in all layers of the gallbladder and biliary tract and are particularly numerous around blood vessels. In the liver, immunoreactive processes are usually restricted to the interlobular space and porta hepatis, and only a few, very thin, beaded processes were observed in the hepatic parenchyma. A rich innervation is also associated with the vena portae. Positive ganglion cell bodies were not visualized within the ganglionated plexus of the biliary system, whereas they were found in the myenteric and submucosal plexus in the cranial portion of the duodenum corresponding to the sphincter of Oddi. The vast majority, if not all, of calcitonin gene-related peptide-immunoreactive fibers contain substance P immunoreactivity; however, there are some substance P-containing fibers lacking calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity. The lack of co-occurrence of calcitonin gene-related peptide and substance P immunoreactivities in intrinsic ganglion cells suggests that these two peptides are coexpressed in the extrinsic component of the innervation of the hepatobiliary system.

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