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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1988 Sep 2;962(1):1-7.

Effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 on phospholipid metabolism in chick myoblasts.

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  • 1Departamento de Biología, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Bahía Blanca, Argentina.


1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D-3 has been shown to increase phosphatidylcholine and decrease phosphatidylethanolamine levels of myoblasts. Recent studies have suggested that the metabolite stimulates the methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine into phosphatidylcholine. In addition, the sterol increases the arachidonate content of phosphatidylcholine. Experiments were carried out to identify the steps of muscle cell lipid metabolism affected by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3. Primary cultures of chick embryo myoblasts pretreated with physiological concentrations of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 were labelled with [14C]ethanolamine. The sterol increased the incorporation of precursor into dimethylphosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine, whereas it decreases the labelling of phosphatidylethanolamine. Prior treatment with cycloheximide and actinomycin D blocked these changes. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D-3 also stimulated the incorporation of [14C]ethanolamine into CDP-ethanolamine. In addition, the sterol increased the incorporation of [3H]arachidonic acid into the phosphatidylcholine fraction but did not affect the incorporation of [14C]palmitic acid. The incorporation of labelled fatty acids into diacylglycerol was not changed by the sterol, whereas it stimulated incorporation of both precursors into triacylglycerol. The data indicate that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 enhances the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine through a stimulation of de novo synthesis and methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine via a nuclear mechanism. The sterol may also increase the polyunsaturated fatty acid content of phosphatidylcholine by means of an activation of its deacylation-reacylation cycle.

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