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Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2014 Mar;30(3):146-52. doi: 10.1016/j.kjms.2013.09.005. Epub 2013 Dec 6.

Liver function tests may be useful tools for advanced cancer patient care: a preliminary single-center result.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan.
3
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan.
4
Department of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
5
Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
6
Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan.
7
Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Public Health, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address: ericch@kmu.edu.tw.
8
Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan.

Abstract

Accurate prognostication in advanced cancer may facilitate better palliative care. An objective marker may be more applicable and appropriate than a subjective evaluation by physicians. The aim of this study was to evaluate liver function tests as useful prognostic factors for survival in patients with advanced cancer. We recruited advanced cancer patients from January 2007 to December 2009. Data on age, sex, cancer diagnosis, site of metastases, clinical symptoms, and performance status were collected at the time of admission to the palliative care unit. Analyzed laboratory data were obtained on the Day 1 of admission to the palliative care unit. A total of 522 patients were enrolled; 322 (61.7%) of them were males. The mean age was 60.6 ± 13.2 years. Multiple logistic regression analysis adjusting for age and sex demonstrated aspartate transaminase (AST) > 80 IU/L [odds ratio (OR) = 2.01, p = 0.010] and alanine transaminase > 80 IU/L (OR = 1.89, p = 0.047) were independently significant prognostic factors of death within 14 days. AST > 80 IU/L (OR = 3.67, p = 0.017) and albumin < 3.0 g/dL (OR = 1.98, p = 0.048) were independently significant prognostic factors of death within 6 months. Liver function tests may be useful prognostic factors for patients in the palliative care unit, in addition to being useful for patients with hepatobiliary cancer or liver metastasis. These biochemical tests of liver function with cutoff values can easily be used in palliative care.

KEYWORDS:

Advanced cancer; Alanine transaminase; Albumin; Aspartate transaminase; Liver function tests

PMID:
24581215
DOI:
10.1016/j.kjms.2013.09.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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