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Annu Rev Plant Biol. 2014;65:769-90. doi: 10.1146/annurev-arplant-050213-040039. Epub 2014 Feb 21.

Genetically engineered crops: from idea to product.

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Monsanto Company, St. Louis, Missouri 63141; email:


Genetically engineered crops were first commercialized in 1994 and since then have been rapidly adopted, enabling growers to more effectively manage pests and increase crop productivity while ensuring food, feed, and environmental safety. The development of these crops is complex and based on rigorous science that must be well coordinated to create a plant with desired beneficial phenotypes. This article describes the general process by which a genetically engineered crop is developed from an initial concept to a commercialized product.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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