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Gac Sanit. 2014 Jul-Aug;28(4):305-8. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2014.01.002. Epub 2014 Feb 24.

Safety belt and mobile phone usage in vehicles in Barcelona (Spain).

Author information

1
Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Prevention and Control Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia ICO, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; Biostatistics Unit, Department of Basic Science, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: jmmartinez@iconcologia.net.
2
Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Prevention and Control Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia ICO, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Spain; CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain.
3
Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Prevention and Control Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia ICO, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Clinical Sciences, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
4
Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Prevention and Control Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia ICO, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; Medicine and Health Sciences School, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.
5
Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Clinical Sciences, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To describe the prevalence and correlates of safety belt and mobile phone usage in vehicles in the city of Barcelona (Spain).

METHODS:

We performed a study using direct observation with a cross-sectional design. We selected 2,442 private cars, commercial vehicles, and taxis from all districts of Barcelona.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of people not wearing safety belt was 10.5% among drivers, 4.6% among front seat passengers, and 32.2% among some of the rear passengers. It was higher among the passengers than among the drivers, regardless of the type of the vehicle. The prevalence of mobile phone usage while driving during a moment of the trip was 3.8%.

CONCLUSION:

Our study shows noticeably high prevalence of people not wearing safety belt in the rear seats. Moreover, four out of one hundred drivers still use the mobile phone while driving during a moment of the trip.

KEYWORDS:

Accidentes de tráfico; Estudio observacional; Observational study; Traffic accidents

PMID:
24576721
DOI:
10.1016/j.gaceta.2014.01.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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