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Res Vet Sci. 2014 Apr;96(2):254-9. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2014.02.003. Epub 2014 Feb 11.

Pathogens of zoonotic and biological importance in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus): Seroprevalence in an agro-system population in France.

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Department of Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain. Electronic address:
Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge, Facultat de Veterinària, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain; Estadística i Investigació Operativa, Departament de Matemàtica, Universitat de Lleida, Lleida, Spain.
INRA, UR35 Comportement et Ecologie de la Faune Sauvage, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, B.P. 52627, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France.
Department of Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.


Antibody prevalence for several infectious and parasitic diseases in a population of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) inhabiting a mixed agricultural landscape (south of France) has been analyzed. Serological analyses with ELISA in 245 animals captured from 2008 to 2012 has been performed. We found a high prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (46.4%), Chlamydophila abortus (17.27%) and Coxiella burnetii (11.26%) compared to other studies in Europe. Seroprevalence varied strongly among years for T. gondii (27-91%), C. abortus (0-42%) and C. burnetii (0-27%). T. gondii prevalence was lower in juvenile females, compared to juvenile males and adults of both sexes. Other pathogens had low prevalences: Neospora caninum (1.56%), Bovine herpesvirus 1 (1.17%, 2008/09; 1.1%, 2010/11), Mycoplasma agalactiae (1.45%, 2009/10), Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (0.9%) and Slow viruses (CAEV-MVV) (0.15%, 2008/10; 0%, 2011/12). Antibodies to bluetongue virus and pestiviruses were not found in any individual.


Bluetongue virus; Border disease virus; Bovine herpesvirus 1; Bovine viral diarrhea; Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus–Maedi visna virus; Chlamydophila abortus; Coxiella burnetii; Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis; Mycoplasma agalactiae; Neospora caninum; Toxoplasma gondii

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