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Trop Life Sci Res. 2012 May;23(1):1-14.

The influence of habitat structure on bird species composition in lowland malaysian rain forests.

Author information

1
School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.

Abstract

in English, Malay

Bird surveys were conducted in the Bukit Kepala Gajah limestone area in Lenggong, Perak from July 2010 to January 2011. The study area was divided into three zones: forest edge, forest intermediate and forest interior. A point-count distance sampling method was used in the bird surveys. The study recorded 7789 detections, representing 100 bird species belonging to 28 families. Pycnonotidae, Timaliidae and Nectariniidae were the dominant families overall and showed the highest number of observations recorded in the study area whereas Motacillidae showed the fewest observations. The bird species were grouped into three feeding guilds: insectivores, frugivores and others (omnivores, carnivores, nectarivores and granivores). The species richness of insectivorous birds differed significantly among the forest zones sampled (Kruskal-Wallis: α=0.05, H=10.979, d.f.=2, p=0.004), with more insectivorous birds occurring in the forest interior. No significant differences were found among the zones in the species richness of either the frugivore guild or the composite others guild.

KEYWORDS:

Feeding Guilds; Forest Edge; Insectivorous Birds; Limestone Habitat; Malaysia; Tropical Forest

PMID:
24575221
PMCID:
PMC3799396

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