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Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother. 2014 Mar;42(2):115-20. doi: 10.1024/1422-4917/a000278.

[Substance-related and addictive disorders in the DSM-5].

[Article in German; Abstract available in German from the publisher]

Author information

1
Deutsches Zentrum für Suchtfragen des Kindes- und Jugendalters, Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Ärztlicher Leiter: Prof. Dr. R. Thomasius.
2
2Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg, Ärztlicher Direktor: Prof. Dr. F. Resch.

Abstract

in English, German

This paper concerns the revised classification of Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders in the fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). In DSM-5, substance use disorders are diagnosed on a continuum of severity specified by explicit operationalized diagnostic criteria. "Gambling disorder" is the only behavioral addiction added to the DSM. Furthermore, preliminary criteria for "Caffeine Use Disorder" and "Internet Gaming Disorder" have now been defined in the manual. Adopting the DSM-5 criteria catalogue within the German treatment system for children and adolescents with substance use disorders or at risk for developing substance use disorders would be of great significance. Since the diagnostic threshold is lower, more patients would be eligible for treatment. Thus, early intervention in the area of substance use disorders should be strengthened, a development that appears to be highly desirable from the perspective of child and adolescent psychiatry. The current Section III diagnoses, with their now comprehensive diagnostic criteria, facilitate more internationally compatible research.

KEYWORDS:

DSM-5; Internetspielstörung; Substanzgebrauch; Substanzgebrauchsstörung; Sucht; addiction; internet gaming disorder; substance use; substance use disorder

PMID:
24571817
DOI:
10.1024/1422-4917/a000278
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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