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Pharm Res. 2014 Aug;31(8):2166-77. doi: 10.1007/s11095-014-1316-4. Epub 2014 Feb 26.

A model for targeting colon carcinoma cells using single-chain variable fragments anchored on virus-like particles via glycosyl phosphatidylinositol anchor.

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  • 1Research Institute of Green Science and Technology, Shizuoka University, 836 Ohya, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka, 422-8529, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

VLPs displaying tumor targeting single-chain variable fragments (VLP-rscFvs) which targets tumor-associated glycoprotein-72 (TAG-72) marker protein have a potential for immunotherapy against colon carcinoma tumors. In this study, scFvs anchored on VLPs using glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) were prepared to target colon carcinoma spheroids in vitro.

METHODS:

VLPs-rscFvs were produced by co-injecting two types of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) bacmids, encoding RSV-gag and rscFvs cDNA into silkworm larvae. Large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) of 100 nm in diameter were made using 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) and packaged with Sulforhodamine B (SRB). LUV-SRB was used to associate with VLP-rscFvs assisted by GP64 present on VLP-rscFvs to produce VLP-rscFv associated SRB (VLP-rscFvs-SRB) at pH 7.5.

RESULTS:

The antigenicity of the purified VLPs-rScFvs was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using TAG-72 as antigen. LUV-SRB made of DOPC was used to associate with 100 μg of VLP-rscFvs to produce VLP-rscFv-SRB. Specific delivery and penetration of SRB up to 100 μm into the spheroids shows the potential of the new model.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current study demonstrated the display, expression and purification of VLP-rscFvs efficiently. As a test model VLP-rscFv-SRB were prepared which can be used for immunotherapy. rscFvs provide the specificity needed to target tumors and VLPs serve as carrier transporting the dye to target.

PMID:
24570130
DOI:
10.1007/s11095-014-1316-4
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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