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West J Nurs Res. 2014 Nov;36(10):1323-37. doi: 10.1177/0193945914523685. Epub 2014 Feb 25.

Reducing HIV stigma among nursing students: a brief intervention.

Author information

1
University of California, San Francisco, USA shilpa.shah@ucsf.edu.
2
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, San Francisco, CA, USA.
3
St. Johns Research Institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
4
St. Johns College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
5
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, San Francisco, CA, USA St. Johns Research Institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

HIV stigma can be devastating and is common among health care providers, particularly nurses. The objectives of this study were to (a) assess the acceptability and feasibility of a brief stigma-reduction curriculum among a convenience sample of Indian nursing students and (b) examine the preliminary effect of this curriculum on their knowledge, attitudes, and intent to discriminate. At baseline, 57% of students had at least one misconception about HIV transmission, 38% blamed people living with HIV for their infection, and 87% and 95% demonstrated intent to discriminate while dispensing medications and drawing blood, respectively. Following the curriculum, HIV-related knowledge increased while blame, endorsement of coercive policies, and intent to discriminate decreased significantly. In addition, more than 95% of participants described the curriculum as practice changing. This brief intervention resulted in decreased stigma levels and was also highly acceptable to the nursing students. Next steps include rigorous evaluation in a randomized controlled trial.

KEYWORDS:

AIDS; HIV; India; education; nursing; stigma

PMID:
24569699
PMCID:
PMC4459739
DOI:
10.1177/0193945914523685
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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