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Blood. 2014 May 15;123(20):3128-38. doi: 10.1182/blood-2013-10-535088. Epub 2014 Feb 25.

Novel anti-B-cell maturation antigen antibody-drug conjugate (GSK2857916) selectively induces killing of multiple myeloma.

Author information

1
The Jerome Lipper Multiple Myeloma Center and LeBow Institute for Myeloma Therapeutics, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA;
2
Oncology Research & Development, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA;
3
Biopharm Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, Stevenage, United Kingdom;
4
Platform Technology & Science Research & Development, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA;
5
Lurie Family Imaging Center, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; and.
6
Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY.

Abstract

B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA), highly expressed on malignant plasma cells in human multiple myeloma (MM), has not been effectively targeted with therapeutic monoclonal antibodies. We here show that BCMA is universally expressed on the MM cell surface and determine specific anti-MM activity of J6M0-mcMMAF (GSK2857916), a novel humanized and afucosylated antagonistic anti-BCMA antibody-drug conjugate via a noncleavable linker. J6M0-mcMMAF specifically blocks cell growth via G2/M arrest and induces caspase 3-dependent apoptosis in MM cells, alone and in coculture with bone marrow stromal cells or various effector cells. It strongly inhibits colony formation by MM cells while sparing surrounding BCMA-negative normal cells. J6M0-mcMMAF significantly induces effector cell-mediated lysis against allogeneic or autologous patient MM cells, with increased potency and efficacy compared with the wild-type J6M0 without Fc enhancement. The antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity and apoptotic activity of J6M0-mcMMAF is further enhanced by lenalidomide. Importantly, J6M0-mcMMAF rapidly eliminates myeloma cells in subcutaneous and disseminated mouse models, and mice remain tumor-free up to 3.5 months. Furthermore, J6M0-mcMMAF recruits macrophages and mediates antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis of MM cells. Together, these results demonstrate that GSK2857916 has potent and selective anti-MM activities via multiple cytotoxic mechanisms, providing a promising next-generation immunotherapeutic in this cancer.

PMID:
24569262
PMCID:
PMC4023420
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2013-10-535088
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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