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J Lipid Res. 2014 May;55(5):905-18. doi: 10.1194/jlr.M047761. Epub 2014 Feb 25.

Selective evaluation of high density lipoprotein from mouse small intestine by an in situ perfusion technique.

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Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Novel, Non-invasive and Nutritional Therapeutics (CNT), Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.


The small intestine (SI) is the second-greatest source of HDL in mice. However, the selective evaluation of SI-derived HDL (SI-HDL) has been difficult because even the origin of HDL obtained in vivo from the intestinal lymph duct of anesthetized rodents is doubtful. To shed light on this question, we have developed a novel in situ perfusion technique using surgically isolated mouse SI, with which the possible filtration of plasma HDL into the SI lymph duct can be prevented. With the developed method, we studied the characteristics of and mechanism for the production and regulation of SI-HDL. Nascent HDL particles were detected in SI lymph perfusates in WT mice, but not in ABCA1 KO mice. SI-HDL had a high protein content and was smaller than plasma HDL. SI-HDL was rich in TG and apo AIV compared with HDL in liver perfusates. SI-HDL was increased by high-fat diets and reduced in apo E KO mice. In conclusion, with our in situ perfusion model that enables the selective evaluation of SI-HDL, we demonstrated that ABCA1 plays an important role in intestinal HDL production, and SI-HDL is small, dense, rich in apo AIV, and regulated by nutritional and genetic factors.


atherosclerosis; in situ perfusion; intestine; lipoprotein; regulation

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