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World J Gastrointest Oncol. 2014 Feb 15;6(2):41-51. doi: 10.4251/wjgo.v6.i2.41.

Mechanisms linking dietary fiber, gut microbiota and colon cancer prevention.

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1
Huawei Zeng, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, ND 58203, United States.

Abstract

Many epidemiological and experimental studies have suggested that dietary fiber plays an important role in colon cancer prevention. These findings may relate to the ability of fiber to reduce the contact time of carcinogens within the intestinal lumen and to promote healthy gut microbiota, which modifies the host's metabolism in various ways. Elucidation of the mechanisms by which dietary fiber-dependent changes in gut microbiota enhance bile acid deconjugation, produce short chain fatty acids, and modulate inflammatory bioactive substances can lead to a better understanding of the beneficial role of dietary fiber. This article reviews the current knowledge concerning the mechanisms via which dietary fiber protects against colon cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Colon cancer; Dietary fiber; Gut microbiota

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