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J Phys Ther Sci. 2014 Jan;26(1):29-32. doi: 10.1589/jpts.26.29. Epub 2014 Feb 6.

Effect of horseback riding simulation machine training on trunk balance and gait of chronic stroke patients.

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation Therapy, Graduate School of Hallym University, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Physical Therapy, Hallym College, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, CHA University, CHA Bundang Medical Center, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of horseback riding simulation machine training on trunk balance and gait of patients with chronic stroke. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 20 patients hospitalized for treatment after being diagnosed with stroke. Horseback riding simulation training was provided for 30 minutes, 5 times a week, for 6 weeks. Trunk balance was assessed using the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS) and a balance measuring device (Biorescue, RM ingenierie, France), and gait ability was measured using the Functional Gait Assessment (FGA) and a gait analyzer (GAITRite, CIR system Inc., USA). [Results] There were significant changes in movement area, distance and velocity of body sway as measured by the TIS and the balance measuring device, and in gait velocity, cadence, stride length and double limb support as measured by the FGA and gait analyzer. [Conclusion] Horseback riding simulation training improved the trunk balance and gait of chronic stroke patients. This present study provides preliminary objective data for future research, and useful clinical information for physical therapists using horseback riding simulation machines as a treatment modality for patients with chronic stroke.

KEYWORDS:

Gait; Horseback riding simulation machine training; Trunk balance

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