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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2014 Jun;64(Pt 6):1841-6. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.060772-0. Epub 2014 Feb 24.

Aestuariispira insulae gen. nov., sp. nov., a lipolytic bacterium isolated from a tidal flat.

Author information

1
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Republic of Korea jhyoon69@skku.edu.

Abstract

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, aerobic, curved-to-spiral-rod-shaped bacterium, designated AH-MY2(T), was isolated from a tidal flat on Aphae island in the sea to the south-west of South Korea, and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain AH-MY2(T) grew optimally at 30 °C, at pH 7.0-8.0 and in the presence of 2.0% (w/v) NaCl. Neighbour-joining, maximum-likelihood and maximum-parsimony phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain AH-MY2(T) clustered with the type strain of Terasakiella pusilla and that this cluster joined the clade comprising the type strains of species of the genus Thalassospira. Strain AH-MY2(T) exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 90.6% to the type strain of Terasakiella pusilla and of less than 91.0% to the type strains of other species with validly published names. Strain AH-MY2(T) contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and C(18 : 1)ω7c as the major fatty acid. The major polar lipids detected in strain AH-MY2(T) were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminolipids and one unidentified glycolipid. The DNA G+C content of strain AH-MY2(T) was 56.0 mol%. The phylogenetic data and differential chemotaxonomic and other phenotypic properties revealed that strain AH-MY2(T) represented a novel genus and species within the family Rhodospirillaceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria, for which the name Aestuariispira insulae gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Aestuariispira insulae is AH-MY2(T) ( = KCTC 32577(T) = CECT 8488(T)).

PMID:
24566829
DOI:
10.1099/ijs.0.060772-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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